This month, I'll be running a composition course for guitar that's Kindly hosted by the Melbourne Guitar Festival.
Over the past 3 months, hundreds of classical guitarists have taken the course. Many of these guitarists had never composed a piece before and in 1 month, they wrote a complete piece they were very pleased with.
The course is structured, with specific topics and tasks to guide you each week. There's a private Facebook group with a supportive and friendly environment, where you can submit your tasks and see/play other people's music.
To help people get started, we'll be running a free workshop this Wednesday October 7th at 7pm AEST. You can learn more and register at: https://melbourneguitarfestival.com/workshop/
Here are some examples from people who took the course:
Dance Quarantine by David George:
David George had never composed before and wrote this piece (and others) in 1 month. It came about from completing one of the tasks where you're asked to compose a melody using chordal arpeggios (you're also given an appendix that has triads you can practice and use for this task).
"Now, you have got me 'hooked' onto composing more for guitar and hopefully for other instruments as well. Even though I have been teaching music for the past 35 years, I never though I could compose for guitar." --- David George
One Summer's Day by Trisha Budd
Trisha had never composed before, but has now taken quite a liking to it! She started back in July, took the course again in September and is taking the advanced course in November (learn more about that here: [media]https://melbourneguitarfestival.com/a-piece-to-call-your-own/[/media])
"After completing the course, I'm full of enthusiasm and ideas to continue composing, whereas before I had been stuck for how to begin." --- Trisha Budd
Aria by Elise Hermans
Elise had tried composing before in the past, but she never managed to complete something before taking the course. Elise will be taking her skills further in the advanced course happening next month.
“This piece is the result of this 4-week course on composing for classical guitar. For as long as I can remember I had an itch to create music of my own, but I never managed to make it happen: it always ended in loose ideas crumpled in the trashcan and me feeling inadequate.
This course opened up a way to actually start and finish a piece, I have spent hours and hours scribbling and noodling around and just enjoying the process of developing this piece.
If this is a feeling you, as a guitarist, recognize, I highly recommend you this course!
And the most wonderful thing about it is that anyone, no matter your experience or background, can enjoy this course." --- Elise Hermans
Music has many positive health benefits, whether we are listening or playing. You're probably aware of some of these benefits?
For example, music has been used to help people who suffer pain, stroke, anxiety, Parkinson’s, dementia, and depression, to mention a few. Isn't that amazing!
But did you know that composing music has its own particular set of health benefits?
A study done in 2015 observed the brains of people who composed music and here's what they found:
1) Composing music stimulates your anterior cingulate cortex, helping you with:
• Emotional processing
- When you compose music, you are attempting to communicate your emotions through the vehicle of music. That involves a very mysterious and yet intricate connection between our feelings and sound. I can tell you from experience that composing music is a wonderful emotional outlet, very different from playing pieces by other composers.
How could that help you in your day-to-day life?
- What would it be like if your emotions were more carefully regulated?
- How much better would your relationships with family and friends be?
- What would it feel like to cut out negative emotions and have positive emotions flourish in your daily life?
• Attention Span
- Composing music requires a huge attention span, as you must carefully consider every detail - form, rhythm, phrase structure, harmonies, etc. - and concentrate on crafting each detail to maximum refinement.
From my experience composing, it's a very different kind of concentration than practicing. It's much more all-encomapssing; physical, mental and emotional. It's like playing chess and telling a very personal story at the same time.
How could that help you in your day-to-day life?
- How much better would you listen to your spouse, children, friends, family, etc.?
- Could the quality of your work at your job improve drastically? Maybe you can get much more work done in less time?
- How much more could you learn and absorb with a better attention span? (I've found from teaching that a good attention span or ability to concentrate is one of the big keys from improving a guitarist's playing).
• Decision making
- You have to eventually come to a decision when you compose. Otherwise, you'll feel stuck or get writer's block. Sometimes it's hard to make a decision, as you have to choose between things of close or equal merit.
This is quite similar to playing and interpretation. You have to come to a decision about your fingering, dynamics, etc. at some point or else your interpretation will be unconvincing. But in composing, the consequence (I would argue) are much greater. The decisions you make can totally reshape the piece, or give different sections a totally different effect. For example, change the texture from chordal to arpeggiated and you'll wind up with a totally different sound.
How could that help you in your day-to-day life?
- Decision making is important, especially when it comes to the big ones. What was the last big decision you made and were you happy with it? If not, what could you have done differently to make the outcome better?
- Even in the small day-to-day things, decision making is crucial. For example, today I have decided to write this email to you! What are the consequences of your everyday decisions? Do they help transform the lives of others for the better? Do they have a long lasting impact on your family, friends, neighborhood, community, etc.?
2) Composing music stimulates your default mode network, helping you with:
• Remembering the past
- Composing allows us to process our memories into a positive and beautiful channel. How fitting that Julie, a guitarist who took my composition course, wrote her piece titled 'Remembering' (click here to listen)
How could that help you in your day-to-day life?
- Do you have any positive memories that you want to cherish for life? Turn those memories into a piece! Or, do you have any negative memories that you want to come to terms with? Write a piece and perhaps that will help you resolve (quite literally like how music resolves!) those memories.
• Planning for the future
- Composition requires planning, otherwise it just drifts into an abyss. Each student I've helped compose has used a plan inspired from a piece they love to play. Sometimes they might depart a bit from the plan, but generally it helps keep everything structured and organized. I've shown you various plans or templates you can use - the last one was inspired by a Chopin Prelude (click here).
How could that help you in your day-to-day life?
- As I've gotten older and now have two children, I realize the critical need to plan. Each day needs to be planned, otherwise it will be a mess!
- Now that we're approaching a New Year, you might be planning a New Year's Resolution. That's a mild form of planning that many people don't stick to for the whole year. Planning needs to be a habit, done regularly and formed by discipline. Composing helps you make a discipline of planning, as you quickly find out how difficult it is to write a piece of integrity without the foundations of a plan.
• Story Comprehension
- An important part of the planning process when composing is the story your piece is telling. One of the most important questions that all composers ask: How does a piece display comprehension (unity) and a musical story (variety) at once? Those are the types of things you learn with me if you take my online composition course.
How could that help you in your day-to-day life?
- Learning is often most powerful when associated with stories. Build up this skill and you can improve your ability to retain and absorb knowledge.
- Storytelling can help make you more engaging with your family, friends and colleagues. A great story is a meaningful way to communicate with people - children love a great story and will sit still and attentive for ages when engaged by one.
Composing is much more than just trying to write a perfect piece.
It's more all-encompassing than playing music by other composers and has multiple health benefits that can affect many aspects of your life for the better.
Make your 2020 resolution something special that will give you joy and fulfillment for a lifetime.
I'm offering a $100USD discount on my online composition course, but only if you enroll before January 6th. There are just 2 places available, as the course is intensive (8 private lessons over 1 month).
The only condition is this: As long as you can play a piece, you can write something of a similar standard.
No prior experience in composition is required and I do all the dirty work of notating and editing your music.
"This class was so much more than I was initially expecting! It really reinvigorated my relationship with the guitar. When you are crafting phrases together, music theory becomes tangible and not just an academic exercise. I enjoyed every minute and can’t thank you enough!"
If you have some questions that you’d like answered about the process, book a free Skype consult here:https://www.danielnistico.net/composit ... nsult.html
Enroll at - https://www.danielnistico.net/a-piece-t ... r-own.html
Lu, J., Yang, H., Zhang, X., He, H., Luo, C., & Yao, D. (2015). The Brain Functional State of Music Creation: an fMRI Study of Composers. Scientific Reports, 5, 12277. doi:10.1038/srep12277
I was looking up some public domain versions of Asturias for guitar and accidentally bumped into one arranged for solo viola. I thought to myself "how on earth would that piece work on the viola?!". Then I heard this guy play it... please check it out - a fantastic and passionate performance that breathes a different life into the piece.
I really love hearing pieces we know on guitar being re-orchestrated. I made a page with a whole bunch of pieces re-orchestrated that you'll probably be familiar with: https://www.danielnistico.net/re-orchestrated.html
Leave a comment and let me know what you think of this version of Asturias :-)
If you can play something on the guitar then you can compose too (and compose well!).
So, why isn't a guitarist like yourself encouraged to compose?
It's the best way to learn about style, form, ornaments, harmony - you name it.
Why does a guitarist like you (and for a long time, me) choose to struggle playing pieces that are often beyond your capabilities?
Why not instead compose something that is within your limits and at the same time learn a ton about music too.
Then at the end of it all, you have something of your own to play - something truly special and remarkable that you can share with your friends, family and colleagues.
It doesn't have to be long and complex. Just short and simple gives you something beautiful.
And best of all, you can use what you already know as inspiration.
Frank's Inspiration - may it inspire you!
Frank composed a gorgeous tremolo piece in 1 month, through taking my online composition course (see video below to hear his piece).
Before doing that, he was a typical serious amateur player of today, one who:
- Plays pieces that everyone else plays
- Practices the same exercises everyone else practices
- Isn't trained much in harmony, form, analysis, etc.
Composing defies these norms.
After composing his own piece, Frank now has the ability to do it again and again and again. It gives him pieces that no one else on earth will have played, plus an extremely strong understanding of music. It deepens his relationship with the guitar, teaching him more about its inner workings, patterns and possibilities.
Below is a recording of his piece. I hope it inspires you to defy the norms and start doing something extraordinary.
It's time to kick that frustration, hardship and tedious attitude towards the guitar in the butt. You don't have to keep on following the same systems as everyone else - take the ultimate challenge below and you'll have lots of incredible, unique and fulfilling work ahead.
Ultimate Composition Challenge
1) Find a piece you love and can comfortably play
2) Analyze the basic content of that piece (form, key, harmony, phrase structure, etc.)
3) Compose something based on that piece (model composition)
Complete this challenge and you will go really deep in learning about the repertoire you can already play. Plus you'll wind up with a brand new piece of your own!
If you've ever tried to compose, you might find out that it's hard to get started.
And if you do get started, it's can be hard to finish!
This is what Julie had trouble with, but after taking my online course 'A Piece to Call Your Own,' she composed this gorgeous piece in just 1 month.
Before you start composing something, questions will probably start flooding your mind. Things like:
- What key should the music be in?
- How will the music develop?
- What chords should I use?
- How long should the melodies be?
- How do I transition from one section to the next?
Yes, it can be overwhelming. But it doesn't have to be.
A great way to get started with composing a full piece is to model a piece you already know.
Doing that will answer all of those questions.
It will give you a clear template to follow, so you don't have to think about all the theoretical details - just get immersed in the music!
What's exciting about this is that there are many different models to follow - as many models as there are pieces. That means you can use this process over and over again, just as Julie can now do:
"I had no clue how to get started but now I have a clear road map for my next piece!"
Departing from the model
Guitarists are obsessed with their fingernails - and for good reason.
Why is nail care important? Why is it important for you?
My thoughts are that the right hand is mostly responsible for projecting our musical voice. With it we control among other things our tone, dynamics, rhythm and color. Of course, the left hand also plays its part in all this too.
Like me, you've probably had an experience or two of a "bad nail day". This can feel horrible, because all the hard work you've done just goes out the window. No matter what you do, nothing can really fix bad nails while you're performing.
On the flip side, great nails can do some magic. They can make your sound rich and beautiful. Your dynamics and intentions just speak and the music flows like water so naturally.
Our little series on harmony in Rung's Choral is now complete! Starting today, I'll be doing a new series on the right hand and focusing on some very basic things including tone, dynamics, rhythm, color, and touch.
By just practicing on one open string, I hope to show you how you can work on many basic musical and technical elements in depth.
For today, I have made a video that shows you my approach to filing nails.
I would love to know your thoughts and hear from you about any troubles or battles you've had with fingernails in the past - I've definitely had my share of nail troubles!
~ One time when I was touring in China with my wife, I was zipping up my suitcase the night after our first concert and boom! My index fingernail got ripped off. I had about 2mm of nail left on one side of it and had to use that for the remaining concerts! ~
~ Another traumatic nail incident occurred the night before my master's degree recital. I was practicing some of Alberto Ginastera's 'Sonata', which has a lot of strumming in the last movement. My nails were gradually wearing thin up until that point, but that night my index fingernail just had it and it flew off onto the floor! The following morning I had to go over to my then teacher's home to get some help - together we managed to attach a false nail.
Towards the end of my recital, I was playing the very movement in the Ginastera Sonata with a lot of strumming in it and my false nail flew off into the audience! ~
Fingernails are a very important part of a guitarist's technique. If we don't have a system figured out for shaping and buffering them, it can be difficult to consistently maintain a beautiful tone. Nails can also cause trouble musically, as they can momentarily get caught on the strings if they're not the appropriate length. Same goes if they're too rough.
Here are my suggestions in a nutshell for nail filing:
1. Buffer your nails before each practice session.
- Playing for even 30 minutes can rough up your nails, so make sure they're always smooth!
2. Use a crystal nail file.
- Emory boards usually produce a rough and harsh finish on your nails, Plus they don't last very long.
3. Hold the nail file at an angle and file in one direction towards the middle of the nail.
- Watch the video to see what I mean.
4. File and buffer the tops of your nails.
5. Check the smoothness of your nails by rubbing them on the top E string.
I've created a nail kit that contains the exact equipment I use all packaged into a convenient travel pouch. It's so important that wherever you play - lessons, rehearsals, gatherings, performances, etc. - your nail quality will have one of the biggest impacts on your tone.
You also get:
- A short guide to help remind you of the key points for nail filing.
- A video where I demonstrate the nail filing and buffing process
- A free copy of my dissertation on fingernails
Why is warming up important?
A good warm up can encourage good habits to persist through a day of practice. It can also fire up our hands and playing for a performance.
A performance is often greatly affected (for better or worse) by the warm up you do the day of that performance.
I have heard of others experiencing something similar to the following scenario, and have also experienced this myself:
You work hard for many months preparing a program of pieces for a recital (or exam or casual performance, etc.). When you play it at home, everything goes accordingly - your hands do what you want them to do and the music just comes out naturally.
But then along comes the day of the performance. You only have about 30 minutes in the morning to warm up, because the rest of the day involves preparing your gear, traveling, sound checking, waiting, etc. etc... So in those 30 minutes, you quickly scramble through your pieces and just hope that your hands will be ready to play them come the time of performance.
So you're on stage now and about to play. Your hands feel like blocks of ice. You start the program and it's nothing like it sounded when you played it at home. Your hands just don't cooperate. Your program goes by, and by the end of it your hands feel great. But now the performance is over!
What if you had been practicing a set of warm up exercises that made your hands resilient to any situation - a set of exercises that enabled your playing in that above scenario to be on fire, allowing your musical voice to shine out rather than having your technique interfere with it. How would your performance go in that case?
I can testify from experience that the outcome would be very different. A good set of warm up exercises that you practice consistently (daily) has exponential pay off.
So what are some types of exercises to warm up with that guitarists tend to neglect?
1) Open String Exercises
2) Shifting Exercises
3) Scales in Bursts
You often hear guitarists who complain about how difficult certain aspects of guitar playing are (I used to be one of those people). Many guitarists say that things like making a really beautiful tone, shifting, fast scale passages and barring (i.e. the topics of this online course) are really difficult.
But do guitarists make it a primary concern to practice such things in isolation each day? I don't think guitarists generally do!!! To my knowledge, there is currently no standard system for practicing the more challenging aspects of guitar playing.
When you start practicing these fundamental exercises, then your musical voice can start to shine through. Technique no longer interferes with your music-making, but rather it enhances it. After all, that is the purpose of technique - to serve and enhance the music.
Learn about my online course by clicking here
When we play music, we're telling a story. What many musicians often do is perfect the notes but not the story they're telling.
This is like reading a novel but not thinking about the meaning of the words. Sounding out the words is fine, but isn't there so much more to language than that?
When you read and speak, you do things like:
1) Emphasize certain words
2) Inflect your voice to mimic the emotion of the words
3) Pause between sentences
4) Accent syllables a certain way
5) Vary the speed, timing and pacing
6) Change the volume of your voice
7) Listen to the person/s you're talking to and respond to them
8) Use your body language to enhance what you're saying
All of these (and more) can be translated into playing music. But how much time to you devote to perfecting these types of things?
- Emphasis: When you want to emphasize a certain note, do you try it many different ways until you find the perfect amount of emphasis?
- Inflection: Are you vividly communicating the music's emotion through inflecting the tone color? Do you perfectly choreograph your right hand movements to reflect this?
- Pauses: When you pause between phrases and sections, do you try it many times and vary the amount of space to find the perfect amount? A fraction of a second longer or shorter can make a huge difference.
- Accentuation: Do you carefully consider the accentuation of the time signature and how that would affect the rhythm? Is that rhythm and accentuation being perfected at all times?
- Rubato: Is your rubato dictated by your technique, or do you try out different musically based options to find the perfect rubato for you?
- Dynamics: Are your dynamics really coming out? Have you played the same phrase multiple times to perfect your dynamics?
- Balance: Do you understand the counterpoint? Do you hear the conversation of the different parts and perfect how you bring those out?
- Body Language: Is your body language perfectly communicating your musical gestures, or are you just sitting there like a rock? Video yourself to find out!
Obviously, the notes need to be correct. You need to take time to work out the best fingerings and solve those tough spots. But what about all the rest?
You should devote at least the same amount of time to perfecting things like those above as you do to perfecting the notes.
Here's a bit of a catch 22. When you start aiming to perfect these other details, you risk sacrificing the perfection of the notes. That's because it takes more effort and energy to perfect many different aspects, often resulting in some sacrificed notes.
But what would you rather hear:
- A perfect sequence of notes with no story?
- An engaging, captivating and vivid story that sacrifices the perfection of some notes?
This process might seem overwhelming, so here are a couple things to help:
1) Work on your pieces in tiny bits and pieces (1 measure or 1 phrase at a time) and perfect at least two or three things before moving on.
2) Download and print the chart I made for you (click below). You can add some of your own points to each category.
What are some things you want to perfect that you've never tried perfecting before?
This evening I was practicing with my wife, who is a flutist. We have been playing the same repertoire for a couple of years now and have performed it a lot. We performed the same program over twenty times in mid 2016, and we're about to perform it again five times next week in Beijing. So how do we keep playing and practicing this repertoire without getting totally sick and tired of it?!
It's all about your mindset, and a simple change of wording can sometimes have a powerful effect on your mindset.
Practicing vs. Enhancing: the dictionary definitions
Read the definitions carefully and note the different connotations that the words produce.
* The customary, habitual, or expected procedure of something.
* Repeated exercise in or performance of an activity or skill so as to acquire or maintain proficiency in it.
* A period of time spent doing something.
* Intensify, increase, or further improve the quality, value, or extent of.
So my question to you is, what is it that you want to enhance in your playing? Now that you've got an idea of the definitions, let's give some examples and compare the effect of using 'practicing' with 'enhancing'.
I am practicing my scales this morning
I am enhancing my scales this morning
I am practicing the mood of Recuerdos de la Alhambra
I am enhancing the mood of Recuerdos de la Alhambra
I am practicing the phrasing in Bach's prelude
I am enhancing the phrasing in Bach's prelude
When you are enhancing then there is no end result, only infinite progress.
When you hear a great musician perform, or see a great athlete in action, you are witnessing many many hours of enhancing, not just mere practicing.
I am constantly enhancing my warm up/technical work material. I've been playing the same exercises for a long time now (scales, chords, arpeggios, etc.), yet I still strive to enhance even the most simple of things, such as playing an open string or playing a C major scale.
Below is a video of a warm up that I filmed in real time (live on Facebook). It's unscripted and unrehearsed, and I let my intuition guide me through a bit - just as I normally do when there's no camera on (I filmed it on an Ipad, so apologies for the flipped image!).
Enhancing can be short term or long term or a combination of the two. I will probably use a similar warm up tomorrow and enhance many of the things that I thought needed enhancing today. Sometimes I might spend a lot of time enhancing one thing in the moment.
Let me know what you would like to enhance in your playing. Try and be specific.
Swap the word practicing for the word enhancing and see what it does for your mindset!
The mind is a truly powerful instrument; in addition to the soul and the heart, it is one of the places in which music is created.
The mind has a profound ability to visualize. This tool can apply to many different things in life including sports, writing, painting, reading, and of course music.
Chess players can play a game purely in their minds, without a board. Guided imagery, visualization, mental rehearsal, or other similar techniques are used by athletes to maximize the efficiency and effectiveness of their training. The great German composer Johannes Brahms reportedly composed his symphonic music from his mind’s ear. A photo of his home workspace is below.
Now if you think you’re not good at visualization, I want to prove you wrong. You visualize all the time, and here are just some examples -
*If you like reading, especially fiction novels, you are very good if not masterful at visualization.
*If you’ve ever written anything – a paper, an essay, a Facebook post, a book – then you have practiced visualization.
*If you’ve ever planned out your day, which I’m assuming you have, then you are already very good at visualizing.
*If you’ve ever played sports, then you will have used visualization to plan the game, improve the swing, and so forth.
Visualizing can be a somewhat vague word when it comes to practicing, so I want to define it a little and give you two different methods; one a very quick and relatively easy one, and the other a more elaborate one that will take more time and energy.
The dictionary definition of visualization is to “form a mental image of; imagine, or to “make (something) visible to the eye.
How can this apply to music making? Here are some ways -
1. Form a mental image of the guitar’s fretboard in your mind. See and feel your fingers play through the piece on this mental fretboard.
2. Hear the music in your mind, and try to hear it at the correct pitch - I recommend checking as this can help your pitch memory and memorization accuracy.
3. Combine the above – see the fretboard and hear the correct pitch in your mind. Once you can do this, you can practice anywhere, anytime! If you’re having a boring day at work, or waiting for public transport to arrive, and so on, you can practice on your imaginary guitar.
4. Using only the score, practice with your brand new mental guitar.
Mental practice is limitless; you no longer have the constraints and limitations of your physical body to hinder your imagination. You can imagine the most ideal, supreme, and flawless rendition of your music. You can imagine several different ideal, supreme, and flawless renditions.
Mental practice doesn’t have to be limited to full renditions of your pieces; you can practice any method you desire in your imagination. I recommend visualizing and employing some of the methods that have been covered in this series, such as practicing small bits, orchestrating the parts, and improving your balance. While this can be done away from the instrument and/or score, you can also practice visualization in small doses during your time with the guitar.
Visualizing in small doses during practice
All that is required of you is to hold your instrument and not play it! It’s so easy when the instrument is in our hands to switch off the mind and become finger moving machines. Break this habit by visualizing what you’re about to practice on the guitar before you play it. Play it in your mind - musical, flawless, and beautiful. Then do your best to transfer that onto the guitar. Do this for small bits of material, like phrases and short sections for example. Perhaps later on you can try and visualize an entire piece once in full, and then play it on the guitar. If you can do that, then you can be pretty confident that the music is deeply internalized and memorized.
The most powerful method for visualization
I’m now going to show you the method I’ve used and found to be very powerful for visualization. It actually relates to a practice that was common in the 19th century and prior. Composers often copied out scores by hand in order to learn about good composition. This was done by composers such as Bach, Mozart, and Beethoven, and it is now a forgotten practice. If they did it, why aren’t we doing it!
Luigi Cherubini was the director of the Paris Conservatoire from 1822, and was a highly regarded composer in his day – Beethoven thought Cherubini to be one of his greatest contemporaries! In 1835 Cherubini published a treatise on counterpoint and fugue, and in it he wrote
“I would induce the pupil who aims at becoming a composer, to read, and even to copy out, with attention, and with reflection, as much as he can of the works of the classical composers particularly, and occasionally those of inferior composers, with the view of learning from the former what mode he is to pursue for composing well, and from the latter, in what way he may avoid the contrary. By such a proceeding, frequently repeated, the pupil, in learning to exercise his ear through his sight, will gradually form his style, his feeling, and his taste.”
My belief is that musicians prior to the 20th century were incredibly well trained and equipped to be great all-round musicians – composers, improvisers, performers, pedagogues, theorists, etc. Please don’t ever underestimate pedagogy from previous centuries. Just because we are living in the present day doesn’t mean our ways of learning are superior or more advanced than those of the past. In fact, after studying this myself for some time now, it seems that our musical education has gone downhill since the early to mid 20th century. I hope that some of the tools that I’ve shared in this series, including the following one, might be a small way of alleviating this in the guitar’s pedagogy.
***The method is as follows***
1. Grab some blank manuscript paper. If you don’t have any, download a page here and print it out.
2. Choose either a short piece, or a section of a longer piece (you don’t have to start at the beginning). I would recommend no more than one page worth of music. This should be something you are already relatively familiar with.
3. Write out the music on the manuscript without the aid of your instrument or the score. You will be surprised how long it takes you to write down one measure.
4. If you do get stuck, try as hard as possible to keep going before you give up. If you can’t go any further, then go to your guitar first and try playing from the place you got stuck. If that doesn’t work, then use the score to refresh your memory.
5. For an extra challenge, write out all markings as well. This includes fingerings, dynamics, tempo indications, repeat signs, etc.
From my experience doing this, you really do exercise your ear through your sight, as Cherubini put it. In some ways you feel like you’re composing the piece, seeing all of its intricacies and structures that would usually go unnoticed from just playing through. By this process you are deconstructing and then reconstructing the piece, all from your mind. Putting it on paper ensures that what's in your head is actually correct, and it also allows you to reflect on the music you just wrote down.
This is not just a useful tool for memorizing, but it can help with many other areas of your playing. You can make your phrases more singing, make your shifts smoother, be more authoritative and affirmative with your dynamics, and use rubato super effectively. This is because you now have thought and intention behind your music making, not just finger movements!
Some old examples of mine that I dug up are below. It doesn’t have to be neat (mine certainly isn’t!). You can see that I attempted to write in some dynamics here and there, and I also wrote in some places where I struggled to remember what came next. I couldn’t find any examples where I had written in fingerings, but they're around somewhere.
I hope this method helps you with your memorization and music making!
Dr. Daniel Nistico is a passionate performer, author and educator who specializes in the performance practice of 18th and 19th century guitar music. Daniel's teaching and research aims to revitalize the concept of being a well-rounded musician, with emphasis on topics like harmony that can lead to deeper musical understanding and provide tools for composing and improvising.